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The Brazilian Dental Market

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Surface: 8,514,770 sq km.
Country Code: +55.
Time Zone: GMT -3.00.
Climate: Mostly tropical. Average annual temperature: from 20 to 26° C.
Currency: Brazilian Real.
Language: Portuguese.
Capital City: Brasilia.
Principal Cities: Sao Paulo 21,066,000 inhabitants; Rio de Janeiro 12,902,000 (2015); Belo Horizonte 5,716,000; Brasilia 4,155,000 (2015); Porto Alegre 4,034,000 (2014).
Population: 204,259,812 (July 2015 est.).
Urban Population: 85.7% (2015).
Average Annual Population Growth Rate: 0.8% (2015 est.).
Adult Illiteracy Level: 7.4% (2015 est.).
Telephones/1,000 Inhabitants: 216 (2014 est.).
Mobile Telephones/1,000 Inhabitants: 1,374 (2014 est.).
Internet Users/1,000 Inhabitants: 530 (2014 est.).


Life Expectancy at Birth: 74 years (2015).
Infant Mortality: 15 per 1,000 live births (2015).
Ratio Physician/1,000 Inhabitants: 1.9 (2013).
Total Health Expenditure/GDP: 8.3% (2015).
Health Expenditure Per Capita: US$ 947 (2015).


Having in mind that the average consumption capacity of each dentist is defined in relation to the level of development achieved by the given market and its main features, our evaluation of these variables in regard to Brazil allows us to estimate the consumption capacity of the general practitioner and specialist. Such calculation may be subject to a 10 to 15% margin of error but it makes possible to assess the Brazilian dental market size with certain approximation.

SUVISON has classified the world dental market into 5 groups of countries, according to their level of professional, scientific and commercial development, i.e.: those with high level of development, mediumhigh level, medium level, medium-low and low level of development.

Brazil belongs to a group of countries with medium-low level of development. China is also among them. Even so, due to high number of practising dentists, it is the world's sixth market and ranks second in the number of dentists and first in the number of practising dentists around the world.

SUVISON, on the other side, considers that the percentage of dentists that work as specialists is directly proportional to the level of development of the given market.
Consequently, the higher the level of development, the higher is percentage of dentists that practice as specialists, that are those with the greater consumption capacity.
In the group that Brazil belongs to, the estimated percentage of specialists is some 2% of the total number of the professionally active dentists. This is to say that from the total number of 219,575 professionally active dentists, 215,200 are general dentists and 4,375 are specialists.
As per our evaluation of the basic information collected in the same Brazilian market, 2007 was a great year for the exports of dental products but internally a year of low profitability, that inclusively has registered a market contraction. In light of this data, we can estimate that the general dentist spent an average of US$ 9,700 per year, while the specialist spent US$ 13,900.
This means that it can be estimated that the professional consumption of dental equipment and supplies amounts to US$ 2,104 million. Certainly, it has to be taken also into account that the professional consumption of dental equipment and supplies covers only 85% of the total market size. As a consequence, by adding to these figures the consumption of hygienists and dental technicians, the estimated size of the Brazilian dental market in the year 2007 reached approximately US$ 2,475 million.

Based on these numbers, SUVISON regards Brazil as the world's sixth dental market and the largest one among the emerging countries.
In fact, the following ranking features the world's largest markets: 1) U.S., its market size four times that of Brazil; 2) Japan; 3) Germany; 4) Italy; 5) France; and 6) Brazil. The ranking of Italy and France, depending on the year in question, is interchangeable, that is, sometimes France is the world's fourth economy and sometimes it is Italy.


Dentists Professionally Active: 278,394 (as of March 1, 2016)..
Ratio Dentist/Inhabitants: 1/734 inhabitants.
Number of New Graduates: 13,280 per year.
Dental Faculties and Schools: 211.
Scientific and Professional Organizations: 582.
Dental Labs: 3,223.
Technicians and/or Denturists, Assistants and Apprentices: 21,547.
Dental Hygienists and/or Therapists: 20,305.
Dental (Chairside) Assistants: 160,000.
Number of Schools for Auxiliary Staff: N/A.
Average Yearly Income of a General Practitioner: US$ 25,000.
Average Yearly Income of a Dental Specialist: US$ 32,500.


1,038, among them 234 manufacturers, 50 exporters and 147 importers.


Production and Exports: The structure of its production is approximately as follows:
agriculture 6.5%, industry 26% and services 68% (2009 estimate). It produces textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment, coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus, beef, etc. Brazil exports mainly transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee and autos.

GDP (Gross Domestic Product): US$ 1.8 trillion (2015 est.).
Main Export Partners: China 19.1%, US 12.6%, Argentina 6.8%, the Netherlands 5.3% (2014).
GDP – Real Growth Rate: 0.3% (2014 est.).
GDP/Inhabitant: US$ 15,800 (2015 est.).
Inflation Rate: 10.6% (2015 est.).
Unemployment Rate: 6.4% (2015 est.).

It is a matter of fact that Europe and U.S. have a somehow folkloric and critical perception of Latin America. Brazil is not an exception, despite being one of the four fastest-growing countries in the world, so-called BRIC countries, formed by the same Brazil, Russia, India and China. And Brazil, doubtlessly, as well as the rest of Latin America, is part of the West. Its level of social and cultural integration, notwithstanding the existing conflicts, is much higher than that of the major part of the emerging countries in Asia, including India and China. As for Africa, no comparison is possible at all.

"The vastness of Brazil is already in its numbers", says Shiguenoli Miyamoto, professor at Campinas State University, in the state of Sâo Paulo, in an article published in one Italian geopolitical publication (Limes, No. 4/2003, page 205). "With a surface of 8.5 million sqm (that accounts for 47% of South America) (...) it has 15,535 km of land borders with ten countries and the coastline of 7,367 km. Its population is mainly concentrated within 100 km from the litoral, where are located 16 capitals of 26 states forming the Federative Republic of Brazil".

Like the rest of the Latin American countries, Brazil is a presidential republic with federal structure, formed by 26 states and one Federal District, Brasilia, the country’s capital. The president is the chief of state, but the states have a great autonomy. Although in many moments of Brazil’s history the separation of the powers was not always respected, today the Legislative and Judicial Power excercise their functions with a growing independence from the Executive Power.
Like the rest of the Latin American countries, Brazil is a presidential republic with federal structure, formed by 26 states and one Federal District, Brasilia, the country’s capital. The president is the chief of state, but the states have a great autonomy. Although in many moments of Brazil’s history the separation of the powers was not always respected, today the Legislative and Judicial Power excercise their functions with a growing independence from the Executive Power.

The origins of Brazil are to be found in the Portuguese colonization, gold mining and sugar cane cultivation, with massive use of slave workforce from Africa, especially from Angola, that was a Portuguese colony. If Portugal were the "white father" of Brazil, that initiated the process of transculturalization that incorporated the country into the Western culture, Angola is likened to its “black mother”, that strongly conditioned its demographic, political, social, economic and cultural structure. Like the rest of the Latin American countries, Brazil is a presidential republic with federal structure, formed by 26 states and one Federal District, Brasilia, the country’s capital. The president is the chief of state, but the states have a great autonomy. Although in many moments of Brazil’s history the separation of the powers was not always respected, today the Legislative and Judicial Power excercise their functions with a growing independence from the Executive Power.

Brazil, very much as Argentina, in the years immediately before the World War II, started a process of rapid industrialization that changed its demographic structure – up to that prevailingly rural-, and its economic structure that until then was based on the coffee cultivation and its export, above all to the U.S. This process initiated precisely during the presidency of Getulio Vargas, the founder of the party that, many years afterwards, evolved into the party that brought Lula to power. Like the rest of the Latin American countries, Brazil is a presidential republic with federal structure, formed by 26 states and one Federal District, Brasilia, the country’s capital. The president is the chief of state, but the states have a great autonomy. Although in many moments of Brazil’s history the separation of the powers was not always respected, today the Legislative and Judicial Power excercise their functions with a growing independence from the Executive Power.

In 1964, a military coup removed the civil government, run by the president coming from Vargas party, and took over power. It happened during the height of Cold War and within the context of U.S. and all other Latin American power factors strong resistance toward Cuba and toward all center-left governments that could have been formed in Latin America. Like the rest of the Latin American countries, Brazil is a presidential republic with federal structure, formed by 26 states and one Federal District, Brasilia, the country’s capital. The president is the chief of state, but the states have a great autonomy. Although in many moments of Brazil’s history the separation of the powers was not always respected, today the Legislative and Judicial Power excercise their functions with a growing independence from the Executive Power.

From 1964 to 1985, Brazil was governed by military forces, with the army playing the dominant role. In effect, despite of strong internal confrontations among different factions, defined by stronger or weaker role they wished to assign to civil society and political parties within the government, the dictatorship was not characterized by a military commander leadership but by the army forces themselves, throughout different military governments that succeeded each other in those 21 years. In short, in Brazil there was no general leading the army forces but the same military institutions, run by the army, that in turn elected different presidents, generals themselves.

Over the years each one of them gained greater relative independence from the same military institutions that nominated them in the first place, thus strengthening the role and functions of the president of the republic that finally led to re-establishment of the same authority of republic’s presidency over the armed forces. At the same time, the civil society and political parties went acquiring more significant negotiation capacity with the armed institutions up to such point that, in response to increasing pressure of the political parties and whole society to step down, the armed forces underwent a transition that culminated in 1985, when the power was handed over to a civilian.

From the economic point of view, Brazil’s model of development was "growth with inflation", a replacement of imports and under-valued currency, particularly till the end of '50. Today, this model has been completely changed. Its economy is based on the rigid control of inflation and fiscal costs. Since the end of 1989, Brazilian economy has started the process of opening up and integration in the world economy and trade –today irreversible-, thus obliging the country's industry and trade to quick adaptation and modernization.

Its industrial structure covers all production areas. It is the most industrialized country of Latin America. Some specialists even say that Brazil, after Japan, is the country that saw the most growth in the twentieth century. At present, it is considered to be the world’s nineth economy. Yet, its abundant natural resources notwithstanding, Brazil stands out for the extraordinary inequal income distribution pattern: 10% of the population accounts for 50% of the country’s wealth whilst the other 50% of the population accounts for only 10% of it.

Such an inequal income distribution is due, unquestionaly, to innumerable political, economic and social reasons. Nonetheless, it has historically assumed the regional character too: the highest income and consumption rate is registered in the states of Río Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, Sâo Paulo, Río de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and Federal District of Brasilia, the country’s capital. However, its epicenter is Sâo Paulo, with the biggest production and consumption capacity in the country.

It exports mainly agricultural products, raw materials, minerals and industrial products, with a significant market diversification. The main trade partners are the U.S., Argentina, China, Germany and Japan.

Ever since 1995 it has been conducting an accelerated process of economic integration with Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, in the context of MERCOSUR, the largest South American common market, applying external tariffs that are common for these four countries.

There is no question about Brazil’s truly outstanding economic, political and social vitality. In these past years it overcame practically unharmed the Mexican crisis in 1994, the Asian one in 1997, Russian in 1998, the effects of the free fluctuation of its currency in 1999 – that caused a devaluation of Real of some 60%-, and, more recently, the Argentine default and its currency devaluation that accompanied the entire election process that led to government of actual president, Ignacio Silva, “Lula”, strongly resisted by international community almost until the end of 2002.

In this period, its currency underwent the devaluation of another 60%, the percentage that after 2003 was significantly reduced thanks to seriousness with which the new government faced the development of its political, economic and social program, maintaining the context of irreversible international integration it inherited from the past government of Francisco Henrique Cardozo and its "development with no inflation" policy.

The exchange rate and inflation do not express only the relation between the essential economic and financial parameters of one country, but its political, social and cultural tensions as well. Although the latter are huge in Brazil, "Lula" did not throw away the tough years the country went through pursuing the goal of integration into world's economy and trade. Its administration did not cause great fractures in its economic policy in reference to the previous one, and as such continued the process of the country's economic and financial structure restoration.

Even so, its government program produced not a few political tensions. That could not be avoided because of impossibility of developing the economic and financial structure without, correlatively, facing the serious social problems that in Brazil are as old as its history.

Lula's first term in office was characterized by the strong growth of the exports and, more importantly, by development of the income re-distribution process, that provoked an increasing amplification of its internal markets, in all the sectors. Even though, still more than 60 million people are marginalized from consumer society. Lula’s government approached this very difficult situation with creation of "Fome Zero ("Zero Hunger") program, that unifies 30 social welfare program. Among them, "Bolsa Familia" ("Family Fund"). Based on this program, the families receive a state assistance allowance which obliges them that their children attend the school regularly.

The results were quite remarkable, at sanitary level inasmuch at educational and social level. Of course, there is still a lot to be done. For example, although the illiteracy level of the urban population is much lower than of rural population, the school abandonment rate is very high: according to the statistics released by the General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic at the beginning of this year, 1 out of 5 young people between 18 and 29 year of age that live in the cities has dropped out of the school before finishing their basic education. (7-year duration). Considering the urban and rural population as a whole, out of 9 million young people partially literate, a 71% corresponds to urban area whereas 29% to rural. The state that registers the highest literacy level in the country is the state of Sâo Paulo.

At the social level, the crime problem is very serious in Brazil. Recently disclosed data reveal that in the 1996-2006 period the number of homicides increased 20% in the whole country, which is superior to its population growth rate in the same period, that was 16,3%. Only in 2006 there were 46,660, and 73,3% of them took place in 10% of the total number of cities. Obviously the cities such as Sâo Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Fortaleza, Belo Horizonte and the same Brasilia stand out due to high urban population concentration.

Within this group, the homicide rate per 100,000 inhabitants happens to be the lowest in Sâo Paulo, reaching 23,7 homicides/100.000 inhabitants.. But, the same rate and in the same year 2006 in New York was 4,8 homicides/100,000 inhabitants. Doubtlessly, the homicide rate per 100,000 inhabitants is much higher in the interior, specially in the bordering areas, where they reach the peak: at the border of Mato Grosso do Sul with Paraguay this rate was 107,2/100,000 inhabitants.

Lula's administration is fighting back the violence hard, inclusively through the civilian disarmament thus notably reducing the homicide rate. In fact, in the year 2003, the number of homicides was 51,043, that in 2006 decreased to 46,660 that represents a national average rate of 23,7 homicides/100,000 inhabitants. There are many factors they might have determined such an important homicide rate reduction in three years only, and among them is certainly the enhanced income redistribution and unemployment reduction which were the flagship of the first Lula's administration. Even so, this rate is still very high, especially if comparing the Brazilian average rate of 23,8 homicides/100,000 with that of Argentina -6,8/100,00-, with U.S. –6.2/100,000 inhabitans- or with that of Canada –that happened to be just 1,5 homicides/100,000 inhabitants- in the same year 2006.

The observers consider that while the first Lula’s tenure was characterized by developing social goals, the second one is aiming to reach economic ones, too. In this regard, the government has foreseen public and private investments of some R$ 504 billion for 2007-2010 period, which means almost US$ 300 billion, as per January 2008 exchange rate.

On the other hand, since 2003 Argentina and Brazil have been carrying out a process of MERCOSUR’s revitalization, intensifying the economic integration of Latin America as an alternative to U.S.-sponsored ALCA. Today the MERCORUR members are Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Bolivia and Venezuela applied for a full-member status while Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru are presently associated members. At the moment, Argentina is Brazil’s second trade partner, next only to U.S.

Brazil, like the rest of the world these days, sees its plans and projects heavily conditioned by the world crisis, produced by the U.S. economic downturn. The recession in the U.S. is by now a matter of fact.

Unquestionably, it is very hard to establish how deep the crisis is and its duration. Some observers think it may prolong itself for years. Yet, it is certain that no one really does know how intense it will be, how long it will last or its impact on Europe, Japan and on emerging countries that are big exporters of commodities and/or industrial products.

Brazil is one of them: 65% of its exports are commodities. The outlook is very much uncertain for Brazil but also for Europe, China, India and Russia, among others. Some 60% of the Asian export is directed to U.S. Where it will go now? Is there going to be a trade war between Asia and Europe?

It is an illusioin to think that, as a result of globalization, the economic crisis in the U.S. will not affect the rest of the world, although in fact it will significantly attenuate it.

It is certain that today the role of Europe, China, India and rest of the emerging countries in the world economy is much more important than in the past crisis; specially when taking into account that the majority of the emerging countries today have foreign trade surplus and solid monetary reserves available to face an emergency. Anyway, the U.S. influence on the world economy is still very big despite the fact that it is no longer the unique world's locomotive: fortunately, the close correlation between the U.S. economic situation and that of the rest of the world does not exist any more.

The U.S. recession will certainly hit some countries more and some less than the others, and that its incidence will not be homogeneous.

The question is: what incidence then it will have on Brazil?

According to some analysts, there will be a strong contraction of the world production of goods and services, that will cause a price reduction in raw materials coming from emerging countries, along with Brazil, reaching even 20%. The fear is that, as a result of the U.S. recession, there will be a strong consumption reduction of raw materials and agricultural products from Brazil and all other emerging countries, with a consequent drop in the prices.

Therefore, if there were a sharp drop in the prices of agricultural products, livestock, siderurgical products, paper and cellulose –that are the main export commodities of Brazil- , the incidence will be higher. In the other case, it will be lower. In sum, the incidence that the U.S. recession will have on Brazil is directly proportional to its incidence on the consumption and prices of its main export commodities.

The Brazilian Central Bank admits that Brazil will not stay immune to U.S. recession, the destination of 17,6% of its exports. In effect, its internal market growth, in spite of the resource transfers and income redistribution that took place in Brazil during last years, will not be able to absorb the substantial reduction of these values.

Still, the fear that it will affect Brazil exists, even though the largest part of the international analysts agree that Brazil and all Latin American countries were never better prepared for facing it. As an example, the president of the Interamerican Development Bank at the recent World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos affirmed that. In turn, at the same WEF, the FAO’s director general declared that the possible recession in the U.S. and in the other highly developed countries will not strongly affect the trend of increasing food prices and that at all event, the prices of agricultural products will be maintained more than those of other commodites.

With respect to Brazil, it is a fact that even though it is a country with relatively lowest growth rate among the big emerging countries – so-called BRIC– and will not remain unharmed by the U.S. economic crisis, today is in a much better position to deal with it than it was in any other great world or regional crisis it suffered in its history.

The present economic and financial situation of Brazil remains good. Although its reserves amount to US$ 185 billion, if there is a sharp reduction in foreign currency inflow, as a consequence of a drop in raw materials price, or there is a reduction in its foreign trade balance, or there is a significant threat of foreign capital flowing out and/or reduction in the foreign investments, if there is an inflation generated by the increase in the exchange rate, Brazil will have to increase its interest rates which in turn will have a direct impact on its economy.

All these are hardly predicatable variables. As the president of the Industry Federation of the State of Sâo Paulo said (the most important representative body of the Brazilian industry), from the domestic market point of view there is no reason why Brazil should register a growth rate lower than 5% in the course of this year but it can be lower if there is an uncertain international situation.

The opening of Brazil to imports and foreign investments, the privatization of its means of production, the flexibility of its labor market, the diversification of its production as well as that of its export markets and the development of its domestic market will continue to be constant feature of its policy during this year, thus reducing the risks of the U.S. crisis effect. On the other side, Brazil does not represent any of the political, economic, business or financial risks that were so typical for Latin America in ’80. There are no risk factors that would limit foreign investments. On the contrary, the international economic situation favors the investments in the development of huge markets in Latin America, and Brazil is precisely the first one among them.

With this context in mind, it is generally considered that though the GNP growth rate in Brazil will be lower than foreseen, Brazil is one of the emerging markets that will be less affected by the U.S. crisis. Brazil has never been so well placed to face it.


Abrasives (all types); Absorbents; Accessories for dental equipment; Acrylics and accessories; Acupuncture, products for; Adhesives (all types); Airguns, filters and accessories; Alloys (not otherwise classified), precious and non-precious; Alloys, binary; Alloys, ceramic; Alloys, chrome-cobalt-nickel; Alloys, cobalt-chromium; Alloys, gold; Alloys, silver; Alloys, ternary; Aluminium oxide; Amalgamators and accessories; Amalgams (all types); Anaesthesia equipment and accessories; Anaesthetics; Analgesia equipment & supplies; Antibacterial appliances; Antibacterial soaps and detergents; Apex locators; Articulating papers; Articulating silk, ribbon and film; Articulators and accessories; Aseptic water systems; Aspirators for laboratory benches; Aspirators, centralized; Attachments (all types); Audiovisuals and books, scientific and professional; Autoclaves; Bands (all types); Barriers, protection; Bleaching units, materials and instruments; Blood pressure instruments; Bonding Agents; Brushes for laboratories; Burners (all types); Burs (not otherwise classified); Burs, carbide, FG; Burs, diamond; Burs, finishing; Burs laboratory; Burs, polishing; Burs, surgical; Casting machines and accessories; Cavity liners; Cements, glass ionomer; Cements, polycarboxylate; Cements (all types); Cements, zinc silicophosphate; Ceramic accessories; Ceramics; Chairs and accessories; Chemicals; Clamps; Cleansers; Composite instruments and accessories; Composites; Compressors, air and accessories; Computer hardware and software; Consumables; Cotton products and gauzes; Crowns and/or bridge naterials; Crucibles; Cups (all types); Curing light instruments; Curing light units and accessories; Curing units; Darkroom equipment and supplies; Dental components (not otherwise classified); Dental hygiene devices; Dental tubing; Dentifrices; Dentifrices, therapeutic; Denture base polymers (all types); Denture cleaners; Denture cleaners, mechanical; Diagnostic equipment; Discs (all types); Discs, abrasive; Disposable products; Duplicating materials; Educational materials; Electric motors for laboratories; Electrosurgical equipment; Emergency kits; Endodontic dishes; Endodontic instruments (not otherwise classified); Endodontic reamers; Endodontic supplies; Equipment repair and replacement parts; Eugenols; Fiber optic curing units; Fiber optic illumination products; Filling instruments & accessories; Filling materials; Floss dental (all types); Fluoride products (all types); Furnaces (all types); Furniture for dental offices; Furniture for laboratories; Glass, magnifying; Gloves; Goggles, protective; Grinding and/or polishing, equipment and/or accessories; Guttapercha; Gypsum products (plasters and stones); Handpieces, controls; Handpieces, laboratory; Handpieces, operating; Implantation instruments; Implants material; Impression materials (not otherwise classified); Impression materials, alginate; Impression materials, elastomeric; Impression pastes, zinc oxide-eugenol; Inlays; Instruments (not otherwise classified), laboratory; Instruments (not otherwise classified), operating and accessories; Instruments, amalgam; Instruments, carving; Instruments, cavity preparation; Instruments, cutting; Instruments, cutting, rotary; Instruments, diamond; Instruments, electrosurgical & high frequency electrosurgical; Instruments, hand; Instruments, laser; Instruments, maxillo-facial surgery; Instruments, surgical; Insulators; Investment equipment & accessories; Investment materials; Irrigation, intracanal, devices for; Irrigators, oral; Laboratory equipment and supplies (not otherwise classified); Laboratory tools; Lamps for laboratories; Lamps (all types); Management practice systems and accessories; Mandrels; Masks; Matrices (all types); Medicaments; Mercuries, dental; Metals, non-precious; Metals, precious; Micromotors for dentists; Micromotors for laboratories; Micromotors, rechangeable battery-driven; Microscopes; Mirrors, mouth; Miscellaneous; Models, anatomical; Models, demonstration; Molds; Muffles; Needles, disposable; Oils; Operating equipment and/or supplies (not otherwise classified); Operating lights (extra oral); Operating lights (intra oral); Optical aids; Oral hygiene products (not otherwise classified); Orthodontic and/or pedodontic accessories; Orthodontic and/or pedodontic appliances; Orthodontic and/or pedodontic instruments; Orthodontic and/or pedodontic materials; Orthodontic units; Orthopedy, products for; Paper points; Paper products (not otherwise classified); Parallelometers; Periodontal instruments and accessories; Periodontal materials; Pharmaceutical aids; Photographic equipment, supplies and accessories; Pins (all types); Pneumatic components. Points and wheels, abrasive; Points, diamond; Points, guttapercha; Polishers (all types); Portable delivery systems; Presses; Probes (all types); Prophylaxis products; Prop, mouth; Prosthetic supplies (not otherwise classified); Pulp testers; Reliner; Repair materials; Resins for impression trays; Resins for orthodontia; Resins, autopolymer (cold-cred, self-cured); Resins, composite; Resins, crown and bridge/temporary crown and bridge; Resins, direct filling; Resins, heat cured; Resins, light cured; Resins, quick cured; Resins, ultraviolet radiation cured; Retraction materials; Rings (all types); Safety wear; Saliva ejectors; Sandblasters and/or micro-sandblaters; Scalers; Scalers, ultrasonic; Screws (all tipes); Sealants, pit and fissure; Silicones; Soldering and welding equipment, materials and accessories; Spatulas; Spittoons; Stain removal devices; Sterilizer accessories; Sterilizers (not otherwise classified); Sterilizer, ball-bearing; Sterilizer, electric hot air; Sterilizer, glass bead; Sterilizing and desinfecting solutions; Stools for laboratories; Stools, dental operating; Strips (all types); Surgical accessories; Suture materials; Syringes (all types); Syringes, 3-way; Syringes, cartridge; Syringes, impression; Teeth facings; Teeth (not otherwise classified), artificial; Teeth, acrylic; Temporary crowns; Tooth shade guides; Toothbrushes, hand; Toothbrushes, power; Trays (not otherwise classified); Trays, impression, adjustable; Trays, impression, individual; Trays, impression partial; Trays, impression, perforated; Trays, instruments; Trays, sectional; Trays, sterilizing; Trimmers, models; Turbines (all types); Ultrasonic equipment and supplies for dentists; Ultrasonic equipment and supplies for laboratories; Uniforms and gowns; Units (not otherwise classified); Vacuum pumps; Valves; Varnishes; Vibrators and accessories for laboratories; Vibrators and accessories for dentists; Video-imaging systems, intra-oral; Viewing-box; Waxes (all types); Wedges (all types); Wires (all types); X-ray equipment accessories; X-ray film automatic processors (developers) and accessories; X-ray film products; X-ray films, supplies and accessories; X-ray units (all types); Zinc oxide preparations; Zinc oxide-eugenol (restorative material).

Main Sources: Suvison and World Bank, World Development Indicators, April 2016
Additional Sources: www.brasil.gov.br, www.bcb.gov.br, www.cfo.org.br, www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos, www.citypopulation.de, www.greenwichmeantime.com, www.un.org, www.washingtonpost.com, www.who.org, www.wsj.com, www.wto.org.

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